What is a kidney transplant?
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that involves transplanting a healthy kidney from a donor to a patient with end-stage renal disease, commonly known as chronic kidney disease (CKD). This procedure is a life-saving treatment option for patients who have kidney failure and are on dialysis.
CKD is a progressive condition that affects the kidneys’ ability to filter waste and extra fluid from the blood. It can result from various conditions, including diabetes, high blood pressure, genetic disorders, and infections. Treatment for CKD includes lifestyle modifications, medication, dialysis, and kidney transplant.
A kidney transplant is a major surgery that requires the patient to be under general anesthesia. The surgeon places the healthy kidney from a deceased or living donor in the patient’s lower abdomen and connects it to the patient’s blood vessels and bladder. The new kidney starts working immediately and eliminates the need for dialysis.
Why You Need kidney transplant and What are Advantages
Kidney transplant has several advantages over dialysis. The transplanted kidney functions like a healthy kidney and provides
A kidney transplant is a medical procedure that can be life-saving for people suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is a serious condition that occurs when the kidneys are unable to filter waste products from the blood effectively. This can lead to a buildup of toxins in the body, which can cause serious health problems.
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a diseased or damaged kidney with a healthy one from a donor. It is typically used as a last resort when other treatments have failed or when a person’s kidney function has declined to the point where dialysis is no longer effective.
One of the main advantages of a kidney transplant is that it can greatly improve a person’s quality of life. Patients who receive a kidney transplant often experience increased energy levels, improved appetite, and better overall health. They are also able to resume many of the activities they enjoyed before they became ill, such as travelling, working, and spending time with family and friends.
What are the Complications of the kidney procedure?
Following kidney transplantation, cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality. The most common cause of graft loss is death from cardiovascular disease.
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that involves the transplantation of a healthy kidney from a donor into a recipient with a damaged or failed kidney. While kidney transplants are often successful, like any surgical procedure, there are potential complications that can occur.
One of the most common complications is the rejection of the donated kidney by the recipient’s immune system. When the immune system recognizes the donated organ as a foreign body, it attacks it, damaging the kidney and potentially causing it to fail. Rejection can occur weeks, months, or even years after the transplant and requires ongoing monitoring of the recipient’s immune system and medication adjustments to prevent rejection.
Another potential complication is infection. After a transplant, patients are prescribed immunosuppressive medications to prevent the immune system from attacking the new kidney. These medications suppress the entire immune system, leaving patients more susceptible to infections. Infections can range from minor, such as a cold or flu, to severe, such as pneumonia or sepsis.
Current Trends In Kidney Transplantation In India
In India, kidney transplantation has been a common practice for more than three decades. With continuous improvements in surgical techniques and medical management, there have been remarkable advances in kidney transplantation in India in the last few years.
Currently, there is a growing trend towards living donor transplantation in India. This type of transplant involves obtaining a healthy kidney from a living donor, such as a family member or a close friend, and then transplanting it into the recipient. This method is more favourable than cadaveric transplantation as it provides better outcomes and longer graft survival. The use of living donors has increased in the last decade due to improvements in surgical techniques and improved communication and awareness campaigns among potential donors.
Another trend in kidney transplantation in India is the use of ABO-incompatible transplantations. Previously, it was assumed that transplantation between a donor and a recipient with different ABO blood groups could not take place. Now this is happening in India.
In India, Apollo Hospital Kolkata Kidney Transplant is considered by many, but there are failures and negligence on the part of doctors resulting in the death of patients. There is a case of Dr Manish Kumar Jain, a Nephrologist in Kolkota. Read on a link.